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Recommended servings per month
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The directed fishery for monkfish is relatively new; these fish were once considered nothing more than bycatch. However, as catches of other groundfish like cod and halibut declined in the 1980s and 1990s, more and more monkfish was caught in New England and the Mid-Atlantic. As a result, they, too, became overfished. Now that our scientific understanding of their populations improved and fishing effort declined, monkfish are no longer overfished.
Monkfish are caught with either gillnets or trawls/dredges. Gillnets have minor impacts the bottom, but can have bycatch impacts on protected species. Trawls/dredges impact the bottom more than gillnets, but have fewer bycatch concerns.