Seafood health alerts

How much is safe to eat?

Fish is generally healthy to eat, but some types should be eaten in moderation (or in some cases, even avoided). This chart lists fish according to their average mercury concentration, including how much can safely be eaten each month (assuming no other contaminated fish is consumed). The advice is based on EPA guidance and the latest mercury data. See the green sections below – or re-sort the list - for safer seafood options

*Maximum servings that can be safely eaten each month

Fish Name Men Women Kids 6-12 Kids 0-5
Pangasius (Farmed, Vietnam)
Thornyhead
Yellowedge grouper (US)
Jonah Crab
Splitnose
Pacific Ocean Perch (Alaska)
European pilchard sardine (imported)
Longnose skate (US)
Pacific Ocean Perch (WA, OR, CA)
European Sea Bass (farmed)
Big skate
Snowy grouper (US)
California skate
Gag grouper (US, Gulf of Mexico)
Chilipepper rockfish (US)
Longnose skate (Canada)
Warsaw grouper (US)
Japanese and Russian Pacific cod
Shortfin mako (HI, CA) < 1 0 0 0
Blue marlin < 1 0 0 0
Spiny dogfish (US) < 1 0 0 0
King mackerel (US) < 1 0 0 0
Blue marlin (imported) < 1 0 0 0
Longfin mako < 1 0 0 0
Spiny dogfish (Canada - Pacific) < 1 0 0 0
Striped marlin < 1 0 0 0
Blacktip shark < 1 0 0 0
Spiny dogfish (Canada - Atlantic) < 1 0 0 0
White marlin < 1 0 0 0
Common thresher shark < 1 0 0 0
Blackfin tuna (U.S., Canada) 1 1 < 1 < 1
Bluefin tuna 1 1 < 1 < 1
Opah (US) 1 1 1 < 1
Opah (Imported) 1 1 1 < 1
Tilefish (Gulf of Mexico/South Atlantic) 1 0 0 0
Tilefish (mid-Atlantic) 1 0 0 0
Swordfish (US, harpoon/hand line) 1 0 0 0
Swordfish (imported) 1 0 0 0
Swordfish (US, longline) 1 0 0 0
Wahoo 2 2 1 1
Grouper (imported) 2 2 1 1
Weakfish 2 2 1 1
Antarctic toothfish 2 2 1 1
Walleye (US) 2 2 1 1
Patagonian toothfish 2 2 1 1
Black grouper (U.S. Gulf of Mexico) 2 2 1 1
Orange roughy 2 2 1 1
Red grouper (U.S. Gulf of Mexico) 2 2 1 1
Spanish mackerel 2 2 1 1
Spotted/silver seatrout (LA, FL) 2 2 1 1
Walleye (Canada) 2 2 1 1
Spotted seatrout (MS, NC, VA) 2 2 1 1
Lingcod 2 3 2 1
Mutton snapper 3 3 2 1
California halibut (hook/line) 3 3 2 1
Sturgeon (wild, imported) 3 3 2 1
Beluga sturgeon 3 3 2 1
California halibut (hook and line, trawl) 3 3 2 1
Lake sturgeon 3 3 2 1
California halibut (gillnet, trawl) 3 3 2 1
Canned white/albacore tuna 3 3 2 1
Russian sturgeon 3 3 2 1
Bluefish 3 3 2 1
Wild striped bass 3 3 2 1
Stellate sturgeon 3 3 2 1
American conger eel 3 4 2 1
European conger eel 3 4 2 1
European eel 3 4+ 2 1
Lane snapper 3 4+ 2 1
White sturgeon (farmed) 4 4 4 4
Stone crab 4 4 4 4
Paddlefish caviar (wild) 4 4 4 4
Bigeye/yellowfin tuna (imported troll/pole) 4 4 4 4
Tai snapper (New Zealand, Danish seine, trawl) 4 4 4 4
Black sea bass (trap-caught, handline) 4 4 4 4
Osetra caviar (wild, imported) 4 4 4 4
Sea urchin (CA) 4 4 4 4
Paddlefish caviar (farmed) 4 4 4 4
Lake sturgeon caviar (wild, imported) 4 4 4 4
Sea urchin (Canada) 4 4 4 4
White sturgeon caviar (farmed) 4 4 4 4
Barramundi (Farmed - U.S.) 4 4 4 4
Beluga sturgeon caviar (wild, imported) 4 4 4 4
Black pomfret 4 4 4 4
Sea urchin (ME) 4 4 4 4
Capelin, smelt roe (Canada) 4 4 4 4
Sevruga caviar (wild, imported) 4 4 4 4
Albacore tuna (imported, longline) 4 4 4 4
Crawfish (imported) 4 4 4 4
Russian, Siberian, White, Beluga, Sevruga Caviar (U.S., farmed) 4 4 4 4
Yellowfin tuna (U.S. Atlantic troll/pole) 4 4 4 4
Capelin, smelt roe (Iceland) 4 4 4 4
White sturgeon caviar (wild, OR and WA) 4 4 4 4
Freshwater eel 4 4 4 4
Black sea bass (trawl-caught) 4 4 4 4
Tai snapper (New Zealand, bottom longline) 4 4 4 4
Tilapia (ponds- Ecuador, raceways- Peru) 4 4+ 4+ 4+
Whiteleg shrimp (Ecuador) 4+ 4 4+ 4+
Sablefish/Black Cod 4+ 4+ 2 2
Bocaccio 4+ 4+ 3 2
American eel 4+ 4+ 3 2
Wild white sturgeon (OR and WA) 4+ 4+ 3 2
Canary rockfish (US) 4+ 4+ 3 2
Atlantic halibut 4+ 4+ 3 2
Red snapper (Gulf of Mexico) 4+ 4+ 3 2
Widow rockfish (US) 4+ 4+ 3 2
Silk snapper 4+ 4+ 3 2
Yellowtail rockfish (US) 4+ 4+ 3 2
Icelandic haddock 4+ 4+ 3 2
Vermilion snapper 4+ 4+ 3 2
U.S. haddock (Gulf of Maine) 4+ 4+ 3 2
Greenland turbot 4+ 4+ 3 2
Yellowfin (Western Central Pacific, handline) 4+ 4+ 3 2
Imported snapper 4+ 4+ 3 2
U.S. haddock (Georges Bank) 4+ 4+ 3 2
Pacific halibut (Alaska and Canada) 4+ 4+ 3 2
Albacore tuna (U.S., Canada) 4+ 4+ 3 2
Wreckfish 4+ 4+ 4 2
Pacific whiting 4+ 4+ 4 3
Yellowtail snapper 4+ 4+ 4 3
Snow crab (US) 4+ 4+ 4 4
Southern tanner crab 4+ 4+ 4 4
Blackback flounder (US, Atlantic) 4+ 4+ 4 4+
Blackback flounder (US, Atlantic) 4+ 4+ 4 4+
Argentine hake 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Monkfish 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Giant Pacific Octopus (British Colombia) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Mahimahi (U.S. longline) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Spiny Lobster (U.S., Mexico) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Cape hake 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Goosefish 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Yellow perch (wild, imported) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Mahimahi (U.S. troll/pole) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Wolffish 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Chilean hake 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Yellow perch (farmed, US) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Red hake (US) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Canned light tuna (skipjack) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
White hake (Canada) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Skate (Atlantic) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Silver hake (US) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
American/Maine lobster 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Mahimahi (imported, longline) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
White hake (US) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Caribbean spiny lobster (imported) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Giant Pacific Octopus (Alaska, pot) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Mahimahi (imported troll/pole) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Hoki 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Octopus 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Caribbean spiny lobster (U.S.) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Alaska cod (longline) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4
U.S. and Canada Pacific cod (trawl) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4
White croaker 4+ 4+ 4+ 4
English sole 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Northern quahog 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Chum salmon (Wild, US Pacific) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
U.S. wild shrimp 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Wild salmon (OR) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Wild oysters 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Common Japanese scallops 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Alewife 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Longfin smelt 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Basa 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Summer flounder (US, Atlantic) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Farmed striped bass 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Red king crab (imported) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Spanish sardines 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
European anchovy (Black & Mediterranean Seas) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
White shrimp 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Japanese anchovy 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Tilapia (recirculating aquaculture system) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atlantic pollock (Iceland, Danish seine, trawl) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Petrale sole 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Blood cockle (farmed) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Coho salmon (wild, US and Canada Pacific) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Blue shrimp 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Canned salmon 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atka mackerel (US - Alaska) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Arrowtooth flounder (US and Canada, Pacific) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atlantic croaker (gillnet/trawl) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atlantic herring 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Night smelt 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Tra 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Winter flounder 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Giant freshwater prawn (U.S., Canada, Latin America) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Abalone (farmed - sea ranching) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atlantic sturgeon 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Blue king crab (imported) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Queen scallop 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Northern anchovy 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atlantic pollock (Norway, Danish seine, trawl) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
American Shad 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Worldwide (Farmed) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atlantic mackerel (US and Canada, North Atlantic- purse seine) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Rex sole 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Ocean quahog (wild) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Pink salmon (Washington) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Brown shrimp 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Striped mullet 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Arrowtooth flounder (US and Canada, Pacific) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atlantic croaker (beach seine) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Pacific herring 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Rainbow smelt 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Witch flounder 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Butter Clam (farmed) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Giant tiger prawn 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Wild Alaskan salmon (all species) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Crawfish (U.S., wild) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Tilapia (ponds, imported except Ecuador) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Eastern or American oyster 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Red king crab (U.S.) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Spiny scallop 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Yellowtail (wild, Isla Natividad, Mexico) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Imported shrimp and prawns 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Anchoveta 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atlantic pollock (Norway gillnet and purse seine) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Yellowfin sole 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atlantic surfclam (wild) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Sockeye salmon (Washington, Oregon) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Chinese white shrimp 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Sea scallops (US and Canada Atlantic, dredge) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Blue mussel 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Starry flounder (US, Pacific) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Imitation crab (non-Alaska pollock) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Surf smelt 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Yellowtail flounder 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Manila clam (farmed) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Spot prawn (Canada) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Farmed or Atlantic salmon 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Pink shrimp (Gulf of Mexico and Mexico) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Edible oyster 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Blue king crab (U.S.) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Weathervane scallop 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Yellowtail (wild, US, handline) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Rainbow (Steelhead) trout (US, farmed) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Giant freshwater prawn (Asia) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Longfin squid (U.S.) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Softshell clam 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Japanese sardinellas 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Yellowtail (farmed, Australia, Japan) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Northern shrimp (U.S., Canada) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atlantic cod 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Mediterranean mussel 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Alaska pollock (U.S.) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Whitemouth croaker 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Whitebait smelt 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Paddlefish (farmed) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Pacific sanddab 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Pacific geoduck (farmed and wild - US, Canada) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Spot prawns (U.S.) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Wild salmon (CA) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Windowpane flounder (US, Atlantic) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Pacific Oyster 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atlantic calico scallops 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Yellowtail (wild, US, gillnet) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Florida pompano 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Japanese eel 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Market squid 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Blue crab 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Orangespot sardines 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Pink shrimp (Florida and Southern Atlantic) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Abalone (farmed - closed containment) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
New Zealand green mussel 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atlantic pollock (Canada, U.S.) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Paddlefish (wild) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Dover sole 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Pacific littleneck (farmed) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Chinook salmon (wild, US Pacific) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
U.S. farmed shrimp 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Wild salmon (WA) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Farmed oysters 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Bay scallops (farmed) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Catfish (U.S.) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
American plaice (US, Atlantic) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Red porgy (U.S.) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Northern shortfin squid 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Dungeness crab 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Pacific sardines (U.S. & Canada) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Pink shrimp (Oregon) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
European anchovy (Adriatic Sea) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atlantic pollock (Iceland gillnet) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Crawfish (U.S., farmed) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Arctic char (farmed) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+