Seafood health alerts

How much is safe to eat?

Fish is generally healthy to eat, but some types should be eaten in moderation (or in some cases, even avoided). This chart lists fish according to their average mercury concentration, including how much can safely be eaten each month (assuming no other contaminated fish is consumed). The advice is based on EPA guidance and the latest mercury data. See the green sections below – or re-sort the list - for safer seafood options

*Maximum servings that can be safely eaten each month

Fish Name Men Women Kids 6-12 Kids 0-5
Japanese and Russian Pacific cod
Thornyhead
Jonah Crab
Splitnose
Longnose skate
European Sea Bass (farmed)
Big skate
California skate
Chilipepper rockfish
Striped marlin < 1 0 0 0
Spiny dogfish < 1 0 0 0
White marlin < 1 0 0 0
Longfin mako < 1 0 0 0
Blacktip shark < 1 0 0 0
Common thresher shark < 1 0 0 0
Shortfin mako (HI, CA) < 1 0 0 0
Blue marlin < 1 0 0 0
King mackerel < 1 0 0 0
Blue marlin (imported) < 1 0 0 0
Blackfin tuna (U.S., Canada) 1 1 < 1 < 1
Bluefin tuna 1 1 < 1 < 1
Opah 1 1 1 < 1
Bigeye tuna 1 2 1 < 1
Tilefish (mid-Atlantic) 1 0 0 0
Swordfish (harpoon/hand line) 1 0 0 0
Swordfish (imported) 1 0 0 0
Swordfish from U.S. 1 0 0 0
Tilefish (Gulf of Mexico/South Atlantic) 1 0 0 0
Wahoo 2 2 1 1
Walleye 2 2 1 1
Grouper (imported) 2 2 1 1
Antarctic toothfish 2 2 1 1
Patagonian toothfish 2 2 1 1
Black grouper (U.S. Gulf of Mexico) 2 2 1 1
Spotted/silver seatrout (LA, FL) 2 2 1 1
Red grouper (U.S. Gulf of Mexico) 2 2 1 1
Orange roughy 2 2 1 1
Spotted seatrout (MS, NC, VA) 2 2 1 1
Weakfish 2 2 1 1
Spanish mackerel 2 2 1 1
Lingcod 2 3 2 1
Sturgeon (wild, imported) 3 3 2 1
Beluga sturgeon 3 3 2 1
Lake sturgeon 3 3 2 1
California halibut (hook/line) 3 3 2 1
Russian sturgeon 3 3 2 1
Stellate sturgeon 3 3 2 1
Canned white/albacore tuna 3 3 2 1
California halibut (hook and line, trawl) 3 3 2 1
California halibut (gillnet, trawl) 3 3 2 1
Mutton snapper 3 3 2 1
Wild striped bass 3 3 2 1
Bluefish 3 3 2 1
American conger eel 3 4 2 1
European conger eel 3 4 2 1
European eel 3 4+ 2 1
Lane snapper 3 4+ 2 1
Crawfish (imported) 4 4 4 4
Sea urchin (CA) 4 4 4 4
Black sea bass (trawl-caught) 4 4 4 4
White sturgeon caviar (wild, OR and WA) 4 4 4 4
Freshwater eel 4 4 4 4
Sea urchin (Canada) 4 4 4 4
Stone crab 4 4 4 4
Paddlefish caviar (wild) 4 4 4 4
Sea urchin (ME) 4 4 4 4
Capelin, smelt roe (Canada) 4 4 4 4
Osetra caviar (wild, imported) 4 4 4 4
Albacore tuna (imported, longline) 4 4 4 4
Capelin, smelt roe (Iceland) 4 4 4 4
Paddlefish caviar (farmed) 4 4 4 4
Tai snapper (New Zealand, bottom longline) 4 4 4 4
Lake sturgeon caviar (wild, imported) 4 4 4 4
White sturgeon (farmed) 4 4 4 4
White sturgeon caviar (farmed) 4 4 4 4
Barramundi (U.S.) 4 4 4 4
Tai snapper (New Zealand, Danish seine, trawl) 4 4 4 4
Beluga sturgeon caviar (wild, imported) 4 4 4 4
Black sea bass (trap-caught, handline) 4 4 4 4
Russian, Siberian, White, Beluga, Sevruga Caviar (U.S., farmed) 4 4 4 4
Yellowfin tuna (U.S. Atlantic troll/pole) 4 4 4 4
Black pomfret 4 4 4 4
Sevruga caviar (wild, imported) 4 4 4 4
Bigeye/yellowfin tuna (imported troll/pole) 4 4 4 4
Whiteleg shrimp (Ecuador) 4+ 4 4+ 4+
Sablefish/Black Cod 4+ 4+ 2 2
U.S. haddock (trawl) 4+ 4+ 3 2
Pacific halibut (Alaska and Canada) 4+ 4+ 3 2
Silk snapper 4+ 4+ 3 2
Vermilion snapper 4+ 4+ 3 2
American eel 4+ 4+ 3 2
Bocaccio 4+ 4+ 3 2
Atlantic halibut 4+ 4+ 3 2
Imported snapper 4+ 4+ 3 2
Canary rockfish 4+ 4+ 3 2
Albacore tuna (U.S., Canada) 4+ 4+ 3 2
Widow rockfish 4+ 4+ 3 2
Icelandic haddock 4+ 4+ 3 2
Yellowfin tuna 4+ 4+ 3 2
Wild white sturgeon (OR and WA) 4+ 4+ 3 2
Yellowtail rockfish 4+ 4+ 3 2
U.S. haddock (hook and line) 4+ 4+ 3 2
Greenland turbot 4+ 4+ 3 2
Red snapper (Gulf of Mexico) 4+ 4+ 3 2
Wreckfish 4+ 4+ 4 2
Pacific whiting 4+ 4+ 4 3
Yellowtail snapper 4+ 4+ 4 3
Southern tanner crab 4+ 4+ 4 4
Snow crab (US) 4+ 4+ 4 4
Caribbean spiny lobster (imported) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Mahimahi (imported, longline) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Hoki 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Caribbean spiny lobster (U.S.) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Argentine hake 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Skate (Atlantic) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Mahimahi (imported troll/pole) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Octopus 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Spiny Lobster (U.S., Mexico) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Cape hake 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Monkfish 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Wolffish 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Mahimahi (U.S. longline) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Canned light tuna (skipjack) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Chilean hake 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Goosefish 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Yellow perch (Lake Erie) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Mahimahi (U.S. troll/pole) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Red hake 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Yellow perch (Lake Huron/Lake Ontario) 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Silver hake 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
American/Maine lobster 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
White hake 4+ 4+ 4+ 3
Rainbow trout (farmed) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4
Alaska cod (longline) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4
U.S. and Canada Pacific cod (trawl) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4
White croaker 4+ 4+ 4+ 4
Alaska pollock (U.S.) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Rainbow smelt 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Paddlefish (wild) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Witch flounder 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Pacific littleneck (farmed) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Giant tiger prawn 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Wild salmon (WA) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Pacific Oyster 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atlantic calico scallops 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Imported shrimp and prawns 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Catfish (U.S.) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Florida pompano 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Tilapia (Ecuador) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Yellowfin sole 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Dungeness crab 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Orangespot sardines 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Chinese white shrimp 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
European anchovy (Adriatic Sea) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
New Zealand green mussel 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atlantic pollock (Canada, U.S.) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Crawfish (U.S.) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
European anchovy (Black & Mediterranean Seas) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Surf smelt 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Arctic char (farmed) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Yellowtail flounder 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Northern quahog 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Chinook salmon 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Spot prawn (Canada) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Wild salmon (OR) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Farmed oysters 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Bay scallops (farmed) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Alewife 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Basa 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Red porgy (U.S.) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Tilapia (U.S.) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Longfin squid (U.S.) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Red king crab (imported) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Pacific sardines (U.S. & Canada) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Northern shrimp (U.S., Canada) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Japanese anchovy 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atlantic pollock (Iceland gillnet) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Whitebait smelt 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Pacific sanddab 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Blood cockle (farmed) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Chum salmon 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Steelhead trout 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Spot prawns (U.S.) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Canned salmon 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Worldwide (Farmed) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Wild oysters 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atlantic croaker (gillnet/trawl) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Common Japanese scallops 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atlantic herring 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Tra 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Blue tilapia 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Market squid 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Blue king crab (imported) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Spanish sardines 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Pink shrimp 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Northern anchovy 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atlantic pollock (Iceland, Danish seine, trawl) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Yellowtail (wild, Isla Natividad, Mexico) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atlantic Mackerel (Canada) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Dover sole 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Ocean quahog (wild) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Coho salmon 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
U.S. farmed shrimp 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atlantic croaker (beach seine) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Sea scallops (mid-Atlantic) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Pacific herring 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
American plaice 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Butter Clam (farmed) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Tilapia (Mozambique) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Wild Alaskan salmon 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Northern shortfin squid 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Red king crab (U.S.) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Queen scallop 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Pink shrimp (Oregon) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Anchoveta 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atlantic pollock (Norway, Danish seine, trawl) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Yellowtail (wild, US, handline) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atlantic mackerel (U.S.) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
English sole 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atlantic surfclam (wild) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Pink salmon 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
U.S. wild shrimp 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Giant freshwater prawn (Asia) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Striped mullet 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Sea scallops (U.S., Canada) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Yellowtail (farmed, Australia, Japan) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Longfin smelt 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Summer flounder 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Manila clam (farmed) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Tilapia (Nile) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Farmed or Atlantic salmon 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Farmed striped bass 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Blue king crab (U.S.) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Spiny scallop 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
White shrimp 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Eastern or American oyster 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atlantic pollock (Norway gillnet and purse seine) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Yellowtail (wild, US, gillnet) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Petrale sole 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Softshell clam 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Sockeye salmon 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Blue shrimp 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atlantic cod 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Blue mussel 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Imitation crab (non-Alaska pollock) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Whitemouth croaker 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Night smelt 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Paddlefish (farmed) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Winter flounder 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Pacific geoduck (farmed) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Giant freshwater prawn (U.S., Canada, Latin America) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Wild salmon (CA) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Edible oyster 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Atlantic sturgeon 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Weathervane scallop 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Tilapia (China/Taiwan) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Japanese eel 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Shad 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Rex sole 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Blue crab 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Japanese sardinellas 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Brown shrimp 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Abalone (farmed) 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+
Mediterranean mussel 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+